Skara Brae, a Neolithic Age site, consists of ten stone structures near the Bay of Skaill, Orkney, Scotland.
In Orkney Scotland, a severe storm hit The Bay of Skaill, causing widespread damage. When the storm cleared, a farmer stumbled upon a stone that looked out of place and then found a lost city older than Stonehenge and the Egyptian Pyramids.
Today this ancient settlement consisting of ten stone structures known as Skara Brae situated on the shore. Steady erosion and the effects of the elements have altered the landscape considerably over the years, and inhabitation would have been further inland.
For a moment, step back 5,000 years in time and come and explore the best-preserved Neolithic settlement in Scotland. Skara Brae was a thriving village with a population of about 50 people. It is unknown what happened to the inhabitants.
Many believe in 2500 BC, the climate changed and it became colder and wetter, causing the settlement to abandon the site. However, there were many theories why the people of Skara Brae left. A popular myth is that it was due to a massive storm.
The houses were sunk into the ground to protect the citizens from the harsh winters and storms. The size of each house measures 40 square meters (430 sq ft) consisting of one big square room with a stone hearth, used for cooking and heating. The center of each house contained a waterproof basin, possibly used to catch fish.
Neolithic Period is the term refers to the last stage of the Stone Age. Neolithic covers three different periods: Neolithic, Mesolithic, and Palaeolithic. The Neolithic Period is famous for its megalithic architecture and the use of polished stone tools.
The Heart of Neolithic Orkney” was inscribed as a World Heritage site in December 1999.